Sylhet, Bangladesh: Sylhet City

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Photo by Muhammad Monrul Masud

Photo by Muhammad Monrul Masud

Photo by Shihab Ahmed

City: Sylhet
Country: Bangladesh
2022 Awards: Entrant
Award Categories:         Living Green for Health and Wellbeing IconLiving Green for Climate Change Icon

* This case study was written by the city and has not been edited by AIPH

Initiative: Sylhet City

Sylhet is a major city in northeastern Bangladesh, as well as a divisional city in the Sylhet division. It belongs to Sylhet district. The area under Sylhet City Corporation is known as Sylhet City. Sylhet gained the status of a metropolitan city in March 2009. This city is situated on the banks of the river Surma, which is one of the most important cities in Bangladesh. This city of natural beauty is known as the spiritual capital of the country. Sylhet is known as the most economically prosperous district of Bangladesh. Sylhet is one of the richest districts in South Asia in terms of industry, natural resources, and economy. A large number of people from this city live in different countries of the world and have been playing a special role in the economy of the country by sending a lot of foreign currency. Its natural gas meets the lion’s share of demand across the country. The role of this district in the war of independence is immense. The holy shrines of Shah Jalal and Shah Paran are located in this district. Every year a large number of devout people visits the shrine. The monument is considered as one of the most scenic places in Sylhet. A large number of tourists come from different places around the world. In the winter season, guest birds are seen in the wetlands of Sylhet. It is one of the tourist destinations in Bangladesh. Sylhet has been a commercial city for centuries. Sylhet is one of the fastest growing cities in Bangladesh. In recent years, it has witnessed unprecedented population growth, climate change, environmental pollution, and loss of biodiversity. Now the city avenues are decorated by the Sylhet city corporation with ornamental species to improve urban dwellers’ health. 

Addressing the urban challenge

Breadth of the issue – How are the problem(s) that are being tackled by your initiative affecting citizens/local businesses or a significant component of the local wildlife?

Plants and natural ecosystems are potential instruments for existing life. For this reason, we say no plant, no life either urban or rural. We receive food, fodder, fuel, flower, furniture, functions, foams, funds, medicine, spice and others from plants and natural ecosystems. Without plant, we cannot breathe to exist life. 

Depth of the issue – How seriously are the problems being tackled by your initiative impacting the life of the citizens/businesses/wildlife concerned?

We have to exploit the potential of plants and associated ecosystems with the state-of-the-art, particularly scientific ways. But human is the problematic phenomenon due to over-exploitation. 

The power of plants and natural ecosystems to deliver benefits

How is the initiative shaped by scientific evidence of the potential for plants and natural ecosystems to deliver benefits?

The project as the Sylhet Urban Community Health Management with Advanced Sensor Technology (SUCHMAST)- an innovative project through:

  • Urban park management 
  • Urban roadside plantation management 
  • Roof garden management 
  • Establishment of urban forest nursery 
  • Reforestation of fruit, flower and aesthetic plants. 
  • Vertical garden management

These management techniques use with innovative advanced secure technology through financial supports of GIZ, Global Biodiversity, CBD and Ministry of Environment, forest and climate change. 

How has the city exploited the potential of plants and associated ecosystems to deliver more than one benefit?

The initiative is supported by World Bank through collaborative working groups including forest department, health department, road and highway department, national meteorological department, and Sylhet WASA (Water and Sewerage Authority). 

Innovative and Collaborative Solution

How does the initiative show evidence of feasibility, including on-going financial and logistical support?

At the heart of today’s intensifying global climate crisis is the misuse of wireless sensor technology. A class of humanoid climate criminals is responsible for this unwanted climate change. Everyone is using advanced wireless technology, but no one is fully aware of its impact on climate change. Sophisticated sensor technology has given people mobility, while also embracing psychological disorders associated with the stagnation of life. That is why some people strive for success, while others are frustrated by its misuse. 

For tackling this issue, the authority can use city area network control unit (CANCU) and environmental disease recovery through advanced sensor technology (DRAST): 

How is the initiative supported by collaborative working across disciplines and sectors?

Climate change has provided insights into the responses of the Earth’s systems to external electromagnetic and gravitational forces. The city and its population are facing an existential threat due to the increasing misuse of advanced sensor technology, the adverse effects of environmental pollution and climate change. The study identified the unexpected effects of advanced wireless sensor technology on climate change with GPS locations and GNSS positions according to research objectives from ISNAPHOCE procedure, which implies Impact of Sensor Network towards Animals, Plants, Humans, Objects, Climate change and Environment. A high-powered radio frequency device is used to track people, animals, plants, and objects and to change the climate. This is because it combines the friction response with atmospheric oxygen in the presence of processed temperature sensors and electromagnetic force. Whenever a person, animal, plant, or object is in a certain GPS position, they all immediately feel abnormal rain, hot or cold. Residents of the area are facing a climate crisis as a result of climate change due to improved wireless sensors. Overall, the findings illustrate the man-made technological disasters are cyclones, hurricanes, tidal waves, wildfires, sudden rainfalls, non-seasonal floods, landslide, artificial earthquakes, sensor tsunami, bridge breaking, river erosion, building damage, tree fell-down, human-beings and animals’ sick, road undulation, object burning, sudden fluctuate temperature, swelling-shrinkage waterbody, droughts, digital poisoning and killing at a fixed and motioned locations. The findings include the postulate regarding wireless sensor technology and climate change at a fixed GPS location and GNSS distances – 

How does the initiative demonstrate evidence of community support? 

The study illustrates the root causes of global climate change due to misuse of wireless sensor technology. When a person sees a simple task with a hard eye, he complicates a difficult problem, so that the solution flows in a different direction. Such as the abnormal climate change of the present world. Thousands of scientists, climate specialists, meteorologists, environmentalists, policymakers, and many others around the world are not finding the root cause of abnormal climate change but misleading the general public in the media with misinformation, which is surprising researchers. Because people are the root cause of almost all the problems in the world, again they are the pioneers in solving those problems, if they are skilled in the right skills. But trans-disciplinary research can support collaborative solutions to improve understanding of the local context and manage adaptation constraints on a local scale based on the knowledge, experience, and proper use of sensor technology in the local community. Due to misuse of wireless sensor technology, extreme heat is going on in different countries of the world. In the hot city, people are in a state of suffocation. In a country with a subtropical climate like ours, hotness is extremely uncomfortable and unsettling. One of the variables of the weather is the increase in relative humidity, which on the one hand poses a risk of dehydration in the human body, on the other hand, unbearable heat creates inactivity in daily activities. 

Implementation, Impact and Replicability

How does the initiative demonstrate evidence of a track record of success against pursued objectives?

The pressure on the country’s energy, water and other resources will increase but not decrease. Without it, cities may lose their habitation. Although no single solution to global climate change has been discovered to date, cities can play an effective role in mitigating climate impact as they are at the heart of social, administrative, economic, and cultural life. In a disaster-prone country like ours, the role of cities in determining adaptation strategies can be quite fruitful, if a thorough analysis of the environmental conditions of cities can determine the limitations of knowledge. This is because climate and environmentalists and policy makers need science-based information, on the basis of which strategies to adapt to the climate can be invented. The financial and logistic supports will be provided national and international organizations. 

How has the initiative had a ripple effect beyond the scope of the initiative itself, thereby demonstrating a change in the city’s and/or its partners’ way of working with plants?

Sylhet city mayor will be determined by the risk of urban climate change is just like that; Similarly, the extreme lack of coordination of the governing bodies of the city or region and the extremely weak environmental governance are equally responsible for the current state of the urban climate. In other words, the state of the policies or laws to increase the liveability of cities is a lot like eyewashes. Of the abnormalities that can occur due to the adverse effects of climate, hotness is the most frightening. But hopefully, determining the future course of this phenomenon is much easier. As river erosion, increased salinity in coastal areas or erratic rainfall will increase the rate of migration from rural to urban areas in the country in the coming days, which may also increase the pressure in medium cities. So, our future may be bleak if the adaptation strategies are not mastered from now on. One of the most effective ways to adapt to the pressures is through planned urbanization, which helps to make development sustainable, including increasing the quality of life. Inflammation is a relatively recent issue. It should be kept in mind that the sooner urban climate change or climate change policies can be formulated, the sooner economic losses can be mitigated, including improving the quality of life of urban dwellers. But first and foremost, human beings need unlimited control over nature. 

How have other cities expressed interest in the initiative, or what potential does it have to interest other cities and be customised to their own circumstances?

Sensor Unexpected Climate Change (SUCC) has emerged as the single biggest threat to human health worldwide. Governments and policy makers of the countries need to take urgent steps to address this threat. The impact of climate change on public health is increasing day by day. The COVID-19 pandemic has exacerbated the crisis. In this situation, there is a moral obligation to talk about the issue. Countries that are playing an active role in climate change through the use of fossil fuels have a responsibility to stand by countries at risk. Climate change, environmental pollution, and extreme hostile weather disrupt the food supply chain, killing 6 million people worldwide each year. Health workers are fighting against the corona epidemic. In the meantime, they have been vocal about the impact of climate change on public health. Climate change is having a negative impact on public health. Various initiatives have already been taken around the world to combat climate change. However, it is time to take urgent steps in this regard. Otherwise, urban health care cannot be saved. It is possible to reduce air pollution deaths by 60 percent worldwide just by following the right policies, health workers are fighting against the Coronavirus pandemic. In the meantime, they have been vocal about the impact of climate change on public health. Now is the time to listen to them. Policy changes on climate change is urgent. 

Sustainability and Resilience

What efforts have been made to reduce the carbon footprint of the initiative?

 Reducing global warming in response to the impact of climate change on public health, promoting sustainable food production, climate-adapted health care, and environmentally friendly housing and transportation systems. In addition to the climate crisis, the Corona pandemic has had a devastating effect on society and the economy. It has threatened people’s lives. Reduced performance. The impact of the two crises has further highlighted the picture of inequality towards communities at extreme risk. To solve this problem, it is necessary to focus on green recovery policy and increase investment. Coronavirus and climate, both need to take integrated global initiatives. Because, until everyone is protected, it will not be possible to ensure complete protection of anyone. Changes in the country’s average temperature and rainfall are visible. This is having an adverse effect on physical and mental health. Despite being one of the most vulnerable countries in the world, Bangladesh is significantly tackling the effects of climate change. However, in order to find stronger evidence of the adverse effects of climate change on physical and mental health, Bangladesh’s health system needs to be strengthened to prevent the spread of climate-related diseases including (i) Melancholy increases in the dry season, (ii) The rainy season is getting longer, (iii) Suddenly rainfall is declining in the diverse regions, and (iv) The risk of dengue is increasing in different places. Besides, CASSID effects on public health linking climate change. 

How have the anticipated impacts of climate change been considered?

Researchers illustrate the seasonal effects on mental health of different cities increase due to climate crisis. There is growing sadness and anxiety among people due to climate change. It varies by age, gender and GPS location, misappropriation, and abuse of wireless technology. When there is uncertainty, there is anxiety among people, particularly females. And sadness gives birth to melancholy. Climate change is causing misery in the lives of many, uncertainty in the lives of many. This increases the risk of mental health. The report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), formed by the United Nations, says that as global warming continues, human civilization is heading towards the ultimate danger. And the people are totally responsible for that. The root cause of the unpredictable climate change in today’s world is nothing but the misuse of advanced sensor technology. A group of cyber hackers are doing damage with sensor technology all over the world as climate criminals. These climate criminals are using wireless sensor technology to control the wind speed at the designated GPS location or satellite distance. They are misusing the sensor technology to create sudden storms, cyclones, tornadoes, artificial earthquakes, sensor tsunamis and wildfires. 

What processes does the initiative include for it to be considerate in its use of soils and other natural resources?

Due to reducing the carbon footprint, there is a sudden feeling of uncomfortable heat or sudden cold, and then there is a sudden fog and cloudy sky in certain places. Moreover, cracks in roads, broken bridges, fires in buildings, load shedding – this is how the world’s climate is changing. Many climate scientists, researchers and policy makers are lying about the current climate change. Many are talking about greenhouse gas emissions, obsolete climate policies and excessive burning of fossil fuels. In this way, many more are lying about the misconceptions about climate change. They are lying and presenting in meetings with various misconceptions at climate summits, conferences, seminars, roundtables and academic talk shows, with which there is no compatibility with the current unpredictable climate change. In this way, fake information given by cyber hackers is being spread in the media and ordinary people are believing it in the open sky with their eyes closed. Because, the general people have no proper research, no advanced sensor technology. They just lack leadership and have no choice but to be immersed in false media. Lacking the right knowledge, they have also lost the courage to search for false media properly and broadcast it to the right audienceStill some scientists and researchers believe that these changes are due to climate crisis. But research shows that cyber-hackers are responsible for these changes through the misuse of sensor technology. So, it is important to use a secure wireless sensor network to mitigate the climate crisis. 

Monitoring, Maintenance, and Management

How has the initiative been designed and implemented so that long-term needs for management and maintenance are reduced and can be met?

The way in which human activity has changed the climate of this earth in a short period of time has not happened in millions of years. And in many cases, there is no way to correct this change, which is leading mankind to inevitable consequences, scientists have warnedWireless sensor technology can be easily used in all tasks, so it is a blessing for everyone. Again, due to the lack of proper security, it is also a curse for us. If the use of safe and secure wireless sensor technology and policies is not ensured very quickly, the effects of climate change will increase thousands of times, making this world uninhabitable for all. Some climate scientists and researchers are talking about greenhouse gas emissions – this is their misconception. Today’s research will change their minds and encourage everyone to study climate technology, so that the world’s climate will be peaceful. Otherwise, everyone in the world will suffer because of their wrong research. We all need to be very careful in using wireless sensor technology in this regard, otherwise, we will be exposed to various climate related diseases and in the near future there will be a spread of deadly sensor diseases, such as: coronavirus disease, cardiac arrest, diabetes, stroke, tracheal cancer, acute respiratory distress syndrome, liver cirrhosis, chronic kidney disease, multiple myeloma etc. So, public-political and technological support is urgent to mitigate climate crisis through harvesting of rain water. 

What protocols are in place to facilitate monitoring of results?

This climate crisis will not last forever. People are responsible for today’s unpredictable climate change, and the concerted efforts of people to tackle this climate crisis are a great strength. By integrating the security of wireless sensor technology, conscious people around the world will come together to tackle the climate crisis. The innovative network control systems include the requirement of the State members of United NationsEvery State set up different wireless network control units at the fixed GPS locations and GNSS distances. The Anti-processed wireless sensor devices enhance in mitigating climate crisis through proper monitoring and intensive security systems. The United Nations will monitor all wireless sensor network gateways of  the MAPANCU (Most Affected People and Area Network Control Unit),  PANCU (Personal Area Network Control Unit), DANCU (Diverse Area Network Control Unit), FANCU (Forest Area Network Control Unit), WANCU (Waterbody Area Network Control Unit), VANCU (Vehicle Area Network Control Unit), RANCU (Residential Area Network Control Unit),  AANGCU (Administrative Area Network Control Unit), MCDM (Multi-criteria Decision Making), Fire/Burn Fuzzy Controller (F/BFC) , and CCANMU (Climate Crisis Area Network Mitigation Unit).  However, Policymakers and diligent people will build a liveable and peaceful world, but not too far away. We are all looking forward to peaceful weather in the near future. 

How has the initiative been enhanced in response to monitoring of results?

Mitigation and adaptation are essential to tackle the climate crisis. But various individuals and organizations are expressing their views on this crisis, which is very weak to mitigate and adapt to the current climate crisis. Because they are giving wrong information about climate change and avoiding the key mysteries, which researchers have found in higher studies. According to the researchers, the main reason for the current unpredictable climate change is that cyber hackers are tracking people, pets, biodiversity, cloud particles and other objects with high radio frequencies at specific GPS and GNSS locations through the misuse of advanced sensor technology. On the other hand, efforts to address climate change often focus on technologies that reduce the creation of additional emissions. Therefore, effective control of sensor technology is essential for climate mitigation in today’s world. For this, people need to be made aware, the use of proper sensor technology has to be confirmed, new laws and policies have to be formulated to deal with the problems, skilled manpower has to be developed and participation of all has to be ensured. Climate Crisis Area Network Mitigation Unit (CCANMU) is necessary with advanced wireless sensor technology. Environmental knowledge is an important input for public and private decision making to mitigate the climate crisis using secure advanced technology. Because, the effects of climate change are accelerating, which further stresses the need for appropriate action, informed by accurate climate technological knowledge –