NAIROBI, Kenya: Everyone wants the global pandemic to be a temporary moment of time. It will not be. The horticulture industry in Kenya, however, is optimistic and sees a gradual recovery.
Kenya’s horticulture industry recorded KSh72 billion in export earnings between January and May 2020, up from KSh65 billion for the same period last year, translating to an 11% increase. The earnings are largely attributed to the country’s ability to ship out produce during the pandemic, serving a rising demand for food.
“Our export sector did Kenya proud,” says Trade Cabinet Secretary Betty Maina when speaking at the Kenya Export Strategy 2020 Webinar organised by the Kenya Export Promotion and Branding Agency, last week. “We expected the worst but our earnings are up, an indication of Kenya’s potential to protect its markets by ensuring products reached the markets in a challenging environment.”
The Kenya Export Promotion and Branding Agency CEO Wilfred Marube says the sector brought out the best of the country’s resilience at beating the odds to keep the ‘produce of Kenya’ label in the global shelves, a sacrifice that has not only secured existing markets but also created new avenues for Kenya’s flowers, fruits, herbs and vegetables.
However, it was a tough call for exporters especially in the flower sector who had to balance between maintaining a market presence, destroying beautiful flowers, sending workers home, keeping plants breathing and protecting their farms from the virus.
Market presence meant selling flowers, not to make money but to maintain a presence for Kenya, according to Trish Patel, head of marketing at PJ Dave, whose 80 per cent of orders were cancelled. “We continued shipping the little orders coming through to secure future markets for Kenya,” he notes.
Oserian Development Company Administration Director Mary Kinyua says the farm exports fell from 1 million stems per day to about 350,000 throwing the company, like many others, into a financial strain. “The markets are opening up slowly and barring any other disruptions we should be back to full business by end of the year,” she says adding that it will however take longer to recover from the losses.
“March 15 is a day I will not forget in my life”, recalls Craig Oulton, General Manager, Floriculture, Kisima Farm based in Timau. The date is etched in the minds of many, being the day President Uhuru Kenyatta declared no entry no exit from Nairobi, the distribution center for fresh produce exports. The following week international flights were grounded and for a week no produce was shipped out of the country.
Nairobi hosts the Jomo Kenyatta International Airport (JKIA) through which fresh produce flies out daily to the European Union, which accounts for more than 80 per cent of horticulture exports from Kenya. The ‘lockdown’ came as the industry was grappling with cancellation of orders at a critical season (March-May) covering Mother’s Day, International Women’s Day, UK Mother’s Day and the Easter holidays. Tonnes of flowers were already harvested ready for Mother’s Day, arguably the second most important sales day for flowers after Valentine’s Day. Exporters say this year lover’s day was the best in five years and they looked forward to a blossoming 2020. Then Covid-19 hit. Flights were grounded as many markets shut but there were spot orders requiring to be supplied. Avocados especially were in high demand, and Kenya was the only country with the fruits in season.
To accord fresh produce clearance, farms and firms staff required access documents. “The coordination of the movement of produce from farms to the airport in a pandemic challenge remains a proud moment for Kenya,” says Dr Marube, whose sentiments are echoed by many in the industry. “We did it for Kenya”, adds Fresh Produce Consortium ( FPC) CEO OkisegereOjepat continuing, “I haven’t encountered a situation when all of us worked in a seamless coordination to ensure our produce got to the markets that have in turn rewarded the country. We were in the shelves when nobody else was resulting in increased orders and attraction of new buyers.”
The Kenya Flower Council, aware that restrictions would be affected had a week earlier alerted its members to take steps to ensure trucks got cleared at the roadblocks. “The KFC did a great job,” stresses Mr Oulton, reflecting the sentiments of many flower exporters who laud the council for obtaining the necessary documents with speed. Mr Oulton adds, “I am very proud of the Kenya government and private sector associations for the cooperation between the various agencies to ensure our flowers reached the markets.”
The Avocado Society of Kenya CEO Ernest Muthomi says his fairly new organisation got a baptism of fire. Calls from his members came in fast and furious. How would they access the Capital City? Mr Muthomi contacted the Ministry of Interior which advised him to inform his members to obtain identification documents. He quickly sent an email informing them to submit their vehicle registration numbers, names of staff, produce and every other detail required by the police to allow movement. He contacted a designer and quickly made stickers.
Muthomi says that night he didn’t sleep a wink. Avocados needed to move. “We were printing stickers overnight as I drove from one roadblock to another – Thika, Limuru, Matuu- in the dark to negotiate for clearance of vehicles impounded by security. We delivered more stickers through courier. ASOK was largely unknown but within 24 hours it shot into the limelight for securing avocado clearance.”
Mr Muthomi adds the effort earned Kenya avocados the highest foreign exchange for the period ever and has opened new markets and demand even in countries where Kenya doesn’t have phytosanitary protocols.
Mr Ojepat adds the Kenya Airports Authority was roped in to update the organisations on availability of the scarce cargo space. Kenya Airways came in handy, offering its passenger planes to fly to Europe to deliver cargo despite not making profits. “Kenya Airways did it for the country, after understanding that after the pandemic we will need our markets. Market presence was more important than making money,” he adds. For this sacrifice, OJ has made a call to exporters and government to support the national carrier to thrive. “Kenya Airways came through for us, we should support the airline to get back into profitability,” he underlines.
His sentiments are shared by Fresh Produce Exporters Association of Kenya CEO Hoseah Machuki who says, “I am grateful to the Kenya Government and Trade CS Betty Maina for listening to the industry and clearing logistical challenges to enable our products get to the markets.”
In addition, he says, Kenya Airways came through by airlifting products to the markets and for this reason, the national carrier should be treated as a strategic asset for the country.”
The market presence for Kenya was reinforced through the Kenya Private Sector Alliance led Caravan of Hope initiative that saw flowers flown through KQ to the UK for donation to hospitals, an effort that didn’t go unnoticed when President Uhuru Kenyatta recognised Elgon Kenya Managing Director Bimal Kantaria, who chaired the caravan, among Covid-19 heroes on Madaraka day. Mr Kantaria says, “The UK is a big market for Kenya and we needed to support them in the hope when markets opened they would continue buying flowers from Kenya.”
East African Growers, exporters of fruits, vegetables and flowers say orders from the UK never stopped because of the logistical support all in the chain accorded the industry. The company says it was not making money but market presence was important, and they kept supplying to secure future orders.
National carrier Kenya Airways collapsed passenger seats to airlift Kenya horticulture produce to Europe as industry players joined forces to secure markets at the height of the Covid-19 pandemic.
Photo credit: Kenya Airways.